No combustion engine? No problem! If you own an electric vehicle (EV), you’ve made a great investment. Although the initial costs are on the higher side, you’re saving on repairs and maintenance in the long run. Continue to save money with your EV by keeping up with its regular maintenance schedule. Maintain today to avoid big, expensive problems later.
Electric Vehicles Maintenance Schedule
Depending on the EV brand you have, the manufacturer will tell you when to go for a routine check-up. Some vehicles may require more attention than others. However, there are some basic maintenance checks you’ll want to do regardless.
At least once a month, you need to look over some basic components of your car. You can easily do this yourself. Because electric cars are heavier than conventional cars, the tires take a lot of wear. Every month, if not every day, you should check your tires, look for excess wear, and adjust the tire pressure. Refill the windshield washer fluid if it needs a top off, as well. Purchase an appropriate fluid depending on the season and the external temperatures. Use a winter blend to avoid freezing.
Every 6 Months
You may want to go to the mechanic or dealership for this set of maintenance. Every six months, flush corrosive materials from your car to protect the underbelly. You can clean them out yourself using plain water. You’ll also want to go for a routine wheel alignment. If you accidentally hit a curb or pothole hard, you should also go for a wheel alignment. This can increase the lifespan of your tires significantly.
Every 5 Years
Replace the brake fluid every five years. You may have to drain and fill the vehicle coolant circuits as well.
Every 7 Years
The air conditioning desiccant absorbs and holds moisture in a mobile air conditioning system to help prevent corrosion. Because of this build-up, you’ll want to replace the air conditioning desiccant every seven years.
Update the Software
Aside from the hardware and parts, you ought to maintain your vehicle’s software, especially in EVs that have infotainment centers. Update the software whenever an update is available. Not only will this keep the tech features up-to-date, but it will also continue to remind you of regular maintenance checks.
Additional Maintenance Checks
These checks require a bit more knowledge of your car and may be best left to the professionals if you’re unsure where to start. Anytime you hear a grinding noise (could be the brakes), have an alert pop up on your dashboard, or go in for inspection, make sure the mechanic checks the following:
- Inspecting the brakes.
- Checking the accelerator pedal. Look for any binding, damage, or high effort.
- Checking the power inverter, the charger modules, and accessory power.
- Checking the level of the coolant for the battery and cabin heater.
- Inspecting and looking for any damage or wear and tear on the power steering, chassis components, suspension, driveshafts, and half shafts.
- Checking for fluid leaks.
- Checking the restraint (airbags) system.
- Lubricating body components such as the door locks.
- Inspecting the gas struts.
What You Don’t Have to Check
The beauty of an EV is that you don’t have to deal with a combustion engine. Therefore, you don’t have to worry about checking the following:
- Motor oil
- Radiator fluid top-ups and fixes
- Spark plugs and wires
- Automatic transmission fluid
You may not have to deal with combustion engine parts, but you still have to deal with an EVs battery. Without the battery, you cannot drive your car. It is what powers your EV’s motor. Though there is no way to do a maintenance check on the battery in the traditional sense, there are ways you can maintain it to maximize its lifespan.
- Avoid extreme temperatures. If it gets too cold, it will decrease your driving range. If it gets too hot, you can experience serious thermal dynamics issues.
- Do not use quick chargers, as these can degrade your battery. If possible, use slower charging methods like a Level 2 charger.
- Do not fully deplete or charge your battery.
Taking care of an electric vehicle is not hard at all. Follow the specifications shared by the manufacturer, know your vehicle well, and don’t procrastinate when it comes to regular maintenance checks. Like with a conventional car, you don’t need a professional to look at everything. Some checks you can do by yourself — but you should know what you’re looking at. So if you’re unsure, don’t be afraid to take it to the mechanic.